From the beginning of the ‘90s: youth began to leave the village and now it is almost devastated.
In the ‘90s a wave of emigration started from Ivanovka to Russia. Not only the collapse of the Soviet Union, as well as economic crisis affected it, but the war with Armenia over Nagorno Karabakh (1988-1994) accelerated this tendency. People began to leave the village in search of a more stable life.
Ivanovka, is the only village in Azerbaijan where a kolxoz (collective farm) still exists.
Tatyana Semenovna has worked in a "kolxoz" for 25 years. Both of her sons left Ivanovka in the beginning of the ‘90s. They got an education and applied for citizenship. Remembering the first years after gaining independence, Tatyana Semenovna expresses her discontent. "Before "perestroyka," Azerbaijan was more rich and prosperous. Now life is different. Here, there was always justice and honesty, I never even had to close my doors with a key."
Tatyana Semenovna states that for Russian speaking people, there was little future or opportunities available. She adds, "for so many years, everything was in Russian, then everything changed dramatically. It is impossible to learn a language in one day. "
According to the stories of the villagers - the main reason why youth left the village was not only due to the above mentioned factors, but the war situation as well.
The chairman of the collective farm Vasily Ivanovich considers it to be a coincidence.
"To live where life is better. Are there few people who stayed here and could live in prosperity? The period of stagnation scared many others so they left. Did not people from other villages leave their places?"
“Azerbaijan is our motherland, not Russia. We are not going to leave the village. Everywhere they ask for our passports. Our children live in Russia, but we are 80 years-old, why do we need these passports,” says the villagers of Ivanovka.
Today, the opposite process is observed. Among the workers of the collective farm, there were people who lived in Russia for several years but after the crisis, they decided to return back.